utm2deg.m 4.06 KB
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function  [Lat,Lon] = utm2deg(xx,yy,utmzone)
% -------------------------------------------------------------------------
% [Lat,Lon] = utm2deg(x,y,utmzone)
%
% Description: Function to convert vectors of UTM coordinates into Lat/Lon vectors (WGS84).
% Some code has been extracted from UTMIP.m function by Gabriel Ruiz Martinez.
%
% Inputs:
%    x, y , utmzone.
%
% Outputs:
%    Lat: Latitude vector.   Degrees.  +ddd.ddddd  WGS84
%    Lon: Longitude vector.  Degrees.  +ddd.ddddd  WGS84
%
% Example 1:
% x=[ 458731;  407653;  239027;  230253;  343898;  362850];
% y=[4462881; 5126290; 4163083; 3171843; 4302285; 2772478];
% utmzone=['30 T'; '32 T'; '11 S'; '28 R'; '15 S'; '51 R'];
% [Lat, Lon]=utm2deg(x,y,utmzone);
% fprintf('%11.6f ',lat)
%    40.315430   46.283902   37.577834   28.645647   38.855552   25.061780
% fprintf('%11.6f ',lon)
%    -3.485713    7.801235 -119.955246  -17.759537  -94.799019  121.640266
%
% Example 2: If you need Lat/Lon coordinates in Degrees, Minutes and Seconds
% [Lat, Lon]=utm2deg(x,y,utmzone);
% LatDMS=dms2mat(deg2dms(Lat))
%LatDMS =
%    40.00         18.00         55.55
%    46.00         17.00          2.01
%    37.00         34.00         40.17
%    28.00         38.00         44.33
%    38.00         51.00         19.96
%    25.00          3.00         42.41
% LonDMS=dms2mat(deg2dms(Lon))
%LonDMS =
%    -3.00         29.00          8.61
%     7.00         48.00          4.40
%  -119.00         57.00         18.93
%   -17.00         45.00         34.33
%   -94.00         47.00         56.47
%   121.00         38.00         24.96
%
% Author: 
%   Rafael Palacios
%   Universidad Pontificia Comillas
%   Madrid, Spain
% Version: Apr/06, Jun/06, Aug/06
% Aug/06: corrected m-Lint warnings
%-------------------------------------------------------------------------

% Argument checking
%
error(nargchk(3, 3, nargin)); %3 arguments required
n1=length(xx);
n2=length(yy);
n3=size(utmzone,1);
if (n1~=n2 || n1~=n3)
   error('x,y and utmzone vectors should have the same number or rows');
end
c=size(utmzone,2);
if (c~=4)
   error('utmzone should be a vector of strings like "30 T"');
end

   
 
% Memory pre-allocation
%
Lat=zeros(n1,1);
Lon=zeros(n1,1);


% Main Loop
%
for i=1:n1
   if (utmzone(i,4)>'X' || utmzone(i,4)<'C')
      fprintf('utm2deg: Warning utmzone should be a vector of strings like "30 T", not "30 t"\n');
   end
   if (utmzone(i,4)>'M')
      hemis='N';   % Northern hemisphere
   else
      hemis='S';
   end

   x=xx(i);
   y=yy(i);
   zone=str2double(utmzone(i,1:2));

   sa = 6378137.000000 ; sb = 6356752.314245;
  
%   e = ( ( ( sa ^ 2 ) - ( sb ^ 2 ) ) ^ 0.5 ) / sa;
   e2 = ( ( ( sa ^ 2 ) - ( sb ^ 2 ) ) ^ 0.5 ) / sb;
   e2cuadrada = e2 ^ 2;
   c = ( sa ^ 2 ) / sb;
%   alpha = ( sa - sb ) / sa;             %f
%   ablandamiento = 1 / alpha;   % 1/f

   X = x - 500000;
   
   if hemis == 'S' || hemis == 's'
       Y = y - 10000000;
   else
       Y = y;
   end
    
   S = ( ( zone * 6 ) - 183 ); 
   lat =  Y / ( 6366197.724 * 0.9996 );                                    
   v = ( c / ( ( 1 + ( e2cuadrada * ( cos(lat) ) ^ 2 ) ) ) ^ 0.5 ) * 0.9996;
   a = X / v;
   a1 = sin( 2 * lat );
   a2 = a1 * ( cos(lat) ) ^ 2;
   j2 = lat + ( a1 / 2 );
   j4 = ( ( 3 * j2 ) + a2 ) / 4;
   j6 = ( ( 5 * j4 ) + ( a2 * ( cos(lat) ) ^ 2) ) / 3;
   alfa = ( 3 / 4 ) * e2cuadrada;
   beta = ( 5 / 3 ) * alfa ^ 2;
   gama = ( 35 / 27 ) * alfa ^ 3;
   Bm = 0.9996 * c * ( lat - alfa * j2 + beta * j4 - gama * j6 );
   b = ( Y - Bm ) / v;
   Epsi = ( ( e2cuadrada * a^ 2 ) / 2 ) * ( cos(lat) )^ 2;
   Eps = a * ( 1 - ( Epsi / 3 ) );
   nab = ( b * ( 1 - Epsi ) ) + lat;
   senoheps = ( exp(Eps) - exp(-Eps) ) / 2;
   Delt = atan(senoheps / (cos(nab) ) );
   TaO = atan(cos(Delt) * tan(nab));
   longitude = (Delt *(180 / pi ) ) + S;
   latitude = ( lat + ( 1 + e2cuadrada* (cos(lat)^ 2) - ( 3 / 2 ) * e2cuadrada * sin(lat) * cos(lat) * ( TaO - lat ) ) * ( TaO - lat ) ) * ...
                    (180 / pi);
   
   Lat(i)=latitude;
   Lon(i)=longitude;
   
end